Healthy lifestyle

Decompression sickness

Decompression sickness

Medical explanation for decompression sickness: lat. de prefix, which means separation, lowering, + compressio compression sickness conditions that result from a sharp drop in ambient pressure.

Decompression sickness
Decompression sickness

Who can get decompression sickness?

With DECOMPRESSION DISEASE divers and caisson workers as well as pilots can become ill. One of the most common types of decompression sickness is caisson disease, which occurs if a person rises above the water too quickly after working in a high - pressure environment.

When a person works in an environment with high air pressure, much more nitrogen is dissolved in his tissues, mainly in the blood, than under normal air pressure. As the pressure drops, nitrogen dissolved in the blood begins to form gas bubbles. If the pressure gradually decreases, the blisters are small, break down and are eliminated from the body through the lungs. But if the pressure drops rapidly, the blisters are large and can clog blood vessels, causing circulatory problems (gas embolism). The manifestation of decompression sickness depends on the location of the vascular occlusion.

Signs of decompression sickness

In milder cases of decompression sickness itching in the joints, legs, back, there is often pain. In more severe cases, there may be paralysis of the legs (if there is a blockage in the blood vessels of the spinal cord), possible disorders of the heart, lungs and other organs (dizziness, headache, loss of consciousness); a very dangerous is a blockage of a large blood vessel, which can be fatal. Treatment.

Appearing first decompression sickness symptoms, consult a doctor immediately. The victim is placed in a special recompression chamber, where the pressure is rapidly increased to that in which the work was performed, and then decompression is performed very slowly. During this time, the nitrogen dissolves in the tissues again, the gas bubbles are greatly reduced, broken down and released from the body through the lungs. After that, a warm bath, irradiation with a sollux or quartz lamp, heart products are recommended.

Prevention of decompression sickness

Regular med. inspections. Strict occupational selection - people with ear, nose, lung, heart, nerve diseases, obese people, as well as people under 20 years of age should not work in places where decompression sickness is possible. or older than 40 g. Inspection of divers' equipment and caissons, leak control of aircraft cabins. The length of working time and the correct decompression regime must be strictly observed. After decompression sickness do not drink alcohol.